ספרים וגרפיקה בזמן הפוטוריזם
This essay summarizes the main features of Futurist books, by accounting for their complex originality. Since the early stages of their careers, Futurists employed books as a privileged means of experimentation both in terms of graphics and contents. Authors like Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Francesco Cangiullo, Carlo Carrà, Fortunato Depero and Ardengo Soffici explored the visual, graphic and onomatopoeic possibilities of written words in parolibere. These authors put into practice a typographic revolution, which aimed to subvert the usual order within a page, through the use of different characters and colours. In particular, Marinetti announced the birth of this peculiar expressive form in his manifests and set the grounds for a renewal of written expression.
למעבר למאמר המלא בשפה האנגלית נא ללחוץ כאן
Melania Gazzotti (Brescia, 1976) is a freelance art curator and an art historian. Since 2004 she has been collaborating with the Mart – the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Trento and Rovereto. She is interested in artist's books and in the relationship between art and written language. She organized the exhibitions “Libri taglienti, esplosivi e luminosi. Avanguardie artistiche e libro tra Futurismo e libro d’artista” (Trento, Bolzano 2004, in collaboration with Museion, the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Bolzano), "Verba Manent" (Trento, 2005), "La Parola nell'arte. Ricerche d’avanguardia nel ‘900. Dal Futurismo ad oggi attraverso le collezioni del Mart" (MART, Rovereto, 2007), "Primo amore. La passione di un collezionista. 100 Libri d'artista. The passion of a collector 100 artists' books" and "Books. Libri d'artista dagli anni Sessanta ad oggi – Books. Artists' books from the sixties to the present day" (Bologna 2006 and 2008 in collaboration with the Artelibro Festival, Bologna). Melania Gazzotti’s work also focuses on historical avant-gardes. On this topic, she organized the exhibitions "Bulloni, grazie e bastoni. Il libro futurista" (Cagliari, Brescia, Reggio Calabria, 2009) and "Dada e futurismo. Da Marinetti a Tzara. Da Mantova all'Europa nel segno dell'avanguardia" (Mantova, 2009).